404 - Page not Found - Children's National Health System

404 - Page not Found

The page you are looking for may have moved or no longer exists. Please use our feedback form to report this page as missing.

To find the correct web page, please try to access our most popular pages using the links below, or search by keyword.

Popular Pages 

Contact Us

For general inquiries, please call the main number at 202-476-5000.

Thank you for visiting and sorry again for the inconvenience.

Children's National in Your Neighborhood

A location marker

Did you know Children’s National has more than 50 locations throughout the region? Find one that’s convenient for your family.

Find a Children's Location Near You

Search Health Content
Go

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)

What is respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)?

RSV is the most common cause of bronchiolitis (inflammation of the small airways in the lungs) and pneumonia in babies. It is an illness that often occurs in yearly outbreaks in communities, school classrooms, and day care centers. In the United States, RSV is more common in winter and early spring months.

What causes respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)?

RSV is spread from respiratory secretions through close contact with infected people or contact with contaminated surfaces or objects. Infection can occur when infectious material contacts mucous membranes of the eyes, mouth, or nose, and possibly through the inhalation of droplets generated by a sneeze or cough. The incubation period (time from exposure to symptoms) is about 2 to 5 days.

Who is affected by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)?

RSV can affect a person of any age, although sever symptoms usually only occur in very young infants. Most babies have been infected at least once by the time they are 2 years old. Babies can also be re-infected with the virus. Recurrence throughout life is common. Babies born prematurely or with heart, lung, or immune system diseases are at increased risk of developing more severe illness.

Why is respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) a concern?

In babies at increased risk, infection with the virus can lead to severe respiratory illness and pneumonia, and may become life-threatening. RSV in infancy may be related to development of asthma later in childhood.

What are the symptoms of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)?

The early phase of RSV in infants and young children is often mild, somewhat like a cold. In children younger than 3, the disease may progress into the lower airways and cause coughing and wheezing. In some, the infection progresses to a severe respiratory disease requiring hospitalization to help the child breathe.

The following are the most common symptoms of RSV. However, each baby may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:

  • Runny nose

  • Fever

  • Cough

  • Apnea (periods without breathing)

  • Trouble eating, drinking, or swallowing

  • Wheezing

  • Flaring of the nostrils or straining of the chest or stomach while breathing

  • Breathing faster than usual, or trouble breathing

  • Turning blue around the lips and fingertips 

The symptoms of RSV may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Always consult your baby's doctor for a diagnosis.

How is respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) diagnosed?

Diagnosis is sometimes difficult because the symptoms of RSV can resemble other infections. Illness in other family members, other babies in the hospital nursery, or the time of year may provide clues. In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination of your child, a test (nasal swab or nasal wash) of the baby's respiratory secretions may show the presence of a virus.

What is the treatment for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)?

Specific treatment for RSV will be determined by your baby's doctor based on:

  • Your baby's age, overall health, and medical history

  • The extent of the condition

  • Your baby's tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies

  • Expectations for the course of the condition

  • Your opinion or preference

There are no medications used to treat the virus itself. Care of a baby with RSV involves treating the effects of the virus on the respiratory system. Because a virus causes the illness, antibiotics are not useful, unless there is also a bacterial infection. Treatment may include:

  • Supplemental oxygen

  • Breathing treatments

  • Suctioning of mucus

  • Intravenous fluids (to prevent dehydration)

  • Tube feedings (if the baby has difficulty sucking)

Children with very serious breathing problems are intubated and put on ventilators (breathing tubes are inserted and attached to machines that assist with breathing).

How can respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) be prevented?

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that babies at high risk for RSV receive a medication called palivizumab. Ask your child's health care provider if your child is at high risk for RSV. If so, ask about monthly injections during RSV season to help prevent RSV.

To reduce the risk for RSV and other viral infections, the AAP recommends all infants, especially preterm infants, should be breastfed milk, should not be exposed to smoke, should avoid high-volume child care settings during their first winter season, and avoid contact with people who are sick. The AAP also recommend that other members of the household get a flu shot. And, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends cleaning hands with alcohol-based hand cleaners before and after touching babies with RSV.

Online Medical Reviewer: Akin, Louise, RN
Online Medical Reviewer: Holloway, Beth, RN, M.Ed.
Online Medical Reviewer: MMI board-certified, academically-affiliated clinician
Last Review Date: 8/24/2014
© 2000-2015 The StayWell Company, LLC. 780 Township Line Road, Yardley, PA 19067. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.

404 - Page not Found

The page you are looking for may have moved or no longer exists. Please use our feedback form to report this page as missing.

To find the correct web page, please try to access our most popular pages using the links below, or search by keyword.

Popular Pages 

Contact Us

For general inquiries, please call the main number at 202-476-5000.

Thank you for visiting and sorry again for the inconvenience.

Children's National in Your Neighborhood

A location marker

Did you know Children’s National has more than 50 locations throughout the region? Find one that’s convenient for your family.

Find a Children's Location Near You